Kilesa, aka: Klesha, Klesa, Kleśa; 11 Definition(s)
kleśa [kilesa] defilement, impurity or delusion. According to Buddhist psychology, mind is fundamentally pure but it is defiled by unwholesome qualities known as defilements that come from without. The defilements stand in the way of spiritual practice and obstruct wisdom. When they are latent and inactive in mind, they are known as residue (anuśaya) [anusaya]; when they become distinct, they are known as paryavasthāna [pariyuṭṭhāna].
According to the Abhidhamma the ten defilements are as follows.
- greed (lobha),
- hatred (doṣa) [dosa],
- delusion (moha),
- conceit (māna),
- false views (kudṛṣṭi) [diṭṭhi],
- doubt (vicikitsā) [vicikicchā],
- mental torpor (styāna) [thīna],
- restlessness (auddhatya) [uddhacca],
- shamelessness (to do evil) (āhrīkya) [ahirika],
- lack of fear (to do evil) (anotrapya) [anottappa].
kilesa : (m.) passion; lust; depravity; impurity.
The word defilement is a common translation of the Pali word kilesa, which more literally translated means “torment of the mind.” We know directly from our own experience that when certain states arise strongly within us, they have a tormenting quality—states like anger, fear, guilt, and greed. When they knock at the door and we invite them in, we lose touch with the fundamentally pure nature of our mind, and then we suffer.
'defilements', are mind-defiling, unwholesome qualities. Vis.M. XXII, 49, 65:
"There are 10 defilements, thus called because they are themselves defiled, and because they defile the mental factors associated with them. They are:
(1) greed (lobha),
(2) hate (dosa),
(3) delusion (moha),
(4) conceit (māna),
(5) speculative views (ditthi),
(6) skeptical doubt (vicikicchā),
(7) mental torpor (thīna),
(8) restlessness (uddhacca);
(9) shamelessness (ahirika),
(10) lack of moral dread or unconscientiousness (anottappa)."
For 1-3, s. mūla; 4, s. māna; 5, s. ditthi; 6-8, s. nīvarana; 9 and 10, s. ahirika-anottappa.
The ten are explained in Dhs. 1229f and enumerated in Vibh. XII.
No classification of the k. is found in the Suttas, though the term occurs quite often in them. For the related term, upakkilesa ('impurities') different lists are given - (App.).
M (dirt, defilement). Mental impurity. Poverty of spirit. Mental pollution, troubles. There are ten kilesas:
- False views (sakayaditthi)
- Doubt (vicikiccha)
- Belief in the effectiveness of rituals
- Sensuous pleasure (raga)
- Aversion (dosa)
- Passion towards rupa jhanas (pertaining to the sphere of forms)
- Passion towards arupa jhanas (pertaining to the formless sphere)
- Self pride (mana)
- restlessness and worries (uddhacca)
- Ignorance (avijja)
|· Kilesa Sutta||
1. Kilesa Sutta - The five kinds of alloy which are used with gold - iron, cop...
|· Kilesa Samyutta||
The twenty seventh division of the Samyutta Nikaya. S.iii.232-4.
|· Kilesa Kāma||
'sensuality considered as defilement' (s. kilesa) might well be called 'subjecti...
|· Klesha Mara||
The mara of using emotions for escape
|· Kilesa Parinibbāna||
s. nibbāna (1).
The deathless; the cessation of all suffering. The very opposite of the Wheel of...
|· Nibbana Sutta||
1. Nibbana Sutta The Buddha explains to Janussoni the meaning of seeing Nibba...
The personification of evil and temptation.
duty, service, monastic daily routine or service, observance.
|· Kamma Sutta||
1. Kamma Sutta - Blameworthy action of body, speech and mind, and wrong views,...
|· Kamma Vagga||
The twenty fourth chapter of the Catukka Nipata of the Anguttara Nikaya. It cont...
Kamma，（nt．） (Vedic karman，work esp．sacrificial process．For ending °man=Idg．*men ...
craving, desire, thirst
Upadhi (Sanskrit: "imposition" or "limitation") is a term...
Rajo，（rajas） & Raja （nt．） (raj，see rajati & rañjati．Vedic rajaḥ meaning：（a） spac...
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